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ROYAL SAINT-HUBERT Cynologic Union A. Giraud Avenue, 98, 1030 Brussels. Founding member "Fédération Cynologique Internationale."
FCI-Standard Nr. 191 / 06.22.2001 / Dutch Bouvier des Flandres (Bouvier des Flandres) Dutch text: Dr. R. Pollet COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Belgium - France. DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 25.10.2000. UTILIZATION: Originally the Bouvier des Flandres used as a herding, as draft dog and as churning dog. The modernization of the equipment of the farms has initial use of the Bouvier des Flandres changed and today he is primarily a guardian of property and homesteads, as a defense and a police dog. Because of its physical and behavioral aptitudes, and great qualities of scent, initiative and intelligence, it can be used as a tracking dog and connection and against poaching.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle dogs). Section 2 Cattle dogs (except Swiss Cattle dogs). With working trial. BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BREED The Bouvier des Flandres, as evidenced by its name, comes from Flanders, both Belgian- as French Flanders, two regions which no natural frontiers separated. The Flanders cow or cattle, which are good dogs needed for their herds drive, selected the dogs they have in their region possessed solely on their behavioral and physical qualities that our current Bouvier des Flandres of them have inherited. GENERAL APPEARANCE: Subkortlijnig. The body short and thick limbs strong and well muscled. The Bouvier des Flandres makes an impression of power, but without clumsiness.
2 The Bouvier des Flandres position will be judged in its natural stance, without physical contact with the handler. IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: • The body length from bow tip to point of buttock should be approximately equal to the height. • The ratio of skull length to snout length is about 3 to 2. BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: The Bouvier des Flandres has the calm, thoughtful character of a way daredevil. Its lively look indicates intelligence, energy and fearlessness. The Bouvier des Flandres suitability as a working dog must be absolutely preserved. Everything could harm this must be punished. HEAD has a massive appearance, accentuated by the beard and mustache. It is in proportion to the body and the height. It seems good to the touch to be carved. CRANIAL REGION: well developed and flat, slightly less wide than long. The top lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The frontal groove hardly marked. Stop: not very pronounced, due to upstanding eyebrows become more visible, more apparent than real. FACIAL REGION: Nose: is the end of the muzzle in a slightly convex towards. The nose should be well developed, rounded edges, the color is always black. The nostrils are well opened. Muzzle: Broad, strong, bony, the upper profile straight, tapering towards the nose, but never pointed. The length must be shorter than that of the skull, in a ratio of two to three. The circumferential, just below the eyes is measured, is approximately equal to the length of head. Lips: tight and strongly pigmented. Jaws / Teeth: Jaws must be powerful and of equal length. The teeth are strong, healthy, white and evenly set. Scissor or pincer bite. The teeth must be complete. Cheeks: Flat and clean, zygomatic very protruding. Eyes: Frank and energetic expression, neither protruding nor sunken. The shape is slightly oval and horizontally. The color should be as dark as possible in compared to the coat color. Light eyes and a haggard expression must severely punished be. The eyelids are black, without trace of pigment loss. The haw must never be visible. Ears: Cropped in triangle, carried upright, set high and very motile; a cut in relation to the size of the head is recommended. Uncropped ears: Position: Set high, above eye level, flaps falling vertically. The fold must not stand higher than the skull. Shape and carriage: medium, in the form of an equilateral triangle, slightly rounded at the points, lying flat against cheeks, except the slight elevation above the ear, not bent or twisted, in proportion to the size of the head covered with smooth hair. NECK: should stand out well and sufficiently upright. Strong, muscular, the shoulders widening gradually the length slightly less than length of head. Powerful and slightly arched neck. No dewlap.
3 BODY: Strong, stocky and short. Topline: Upper line of back and loins horizontal, tight and firm. Withers: Slightly raised. Back: Short, broad, muscled and well, no sign of weakness, but still pliable. Loins: Short, broad, muscular, must be flexible without appearing weak. Cross: as far as possible the horizontal line of the back and blend imperceptibly pass into the curve of the buttocks. Broad but not excessively so in males, more developed in the bitch. A or sloping rump is a serious fault. Chest: Broad and well let down to the elbows, but not cylindrical. The first ribs are slightly arched, the others rounded and sloped to the rear, giving the desired length of chest. Flat ribs to be severely penalized. The distance between the front portion of the sternum (manubrium) to the last rib must be considerable, about 7/10 of the withers. Underline: The underside of chest rises very slightly towards the belly, which is slightly tucked is. Flanks must be short, especially in males. Tail: the relatively high set tail is located in the extension of the spine. Some dogs are born tailless and so should not be penalized. The tail should be docked within a week after birth, with two or three tail vertebrae. A natural gift or tail is permitted in countries where caudectomie prohibited. LIMBS FOREQUARTERS: Overview: Front legs have strong bone and well muscled. They are totally straight and parallel when viewed from the front. Shoulders: Relatively long, muscular, modeately oblique. The humerus and the humerus are approximately equally long. Upper arm: moderately oblique. Elbows: Close to the body and parallel printout income or pressed down elbows, both in natural position when in action, his mistakes. Forearm: Whether seen from the side and front perfectly straight, parallel with each other and perpendicular to the ground. They are well muscled and strong boned. Wrists: Exactly in line with the forearms. Only the back of the hook leg wrist (carpus) sticks out. Strong bone. For Hocks: Strong bone, rather short, very slightly sloping forward. Feet: Short, round and compact, turning neither in nor out. The toes should be tightly closed and arched, strong and dark nails. The pads are thick and hard. HINDQUARTERS: Overview: Strong, with pronounced muscle, upright and seen from behind perfectly parallel. Must move in the same planes as the forelegs. Thighs: Broad, well muscled, parallel in direction to the median plane of the body. The femur neither too straight nor too sloping. Buttocks well let down, trousered and firm. Stifle: clearly an imaginary line from the highest point of the hip (Iliac crest) perpendicular to the ground. Lower thighs: Moderately long, muscular, neither too straight nor too sloping.
4 Hocks: Rather low to the ground, broad, tight. In position, seen from behind, straight and perfectly parallel. In action they should neither in nor out of the axis of the limbs. Metatarsus: Strong and lean, rather cylindrical, perpendicular to the ground in natural position. Without dewclaws. Hind feet: Round, tight, toes well closed and arched, with strong black nails. The pads thick and hard. GAIT The Bouvier des Flandres must be harmoniously proportioned in its entirety, ensure free, relaxed and proud movement possible. The walk and trot are the normal gaits, although one does also encounter amblers are. In the normal trot the Bouvier des Flandres (the prints of the hind feet are exactly those of the feet for the same side). SKIN: Tight fitting, without excessive looseness. The edges of the lips and eyelids always very dark. COAT HAIR: very abundant coat. The topcoat forming with the dense undercoat a protective layer perfectly adapted to the sudden climatic changes the region of origin of the breed. The hair should feel rough, dry and matt, neither too long or too short (about 6cm), slightly tousled but never woolly or curly. The hair is shorter on the head and substantially smooth on the outside of the ear, of which the inside of the shells by moderately long hair is protected. The upper lip carries a mustache and chin covered with a full beard, giving the breed the characteristic sour expression confers. The eyebrows consist of raised hairs, the shape of the eyebrow arches accentuate the eyes but never hide. On top of the back, the hair particularly harsh and scratchy. It is slightly shorter on the limbs but remains harsh. Plane coat should be avoided, as this indicates a lack of undercoat. The under her undercoat, which consists of dense hairs that grow beneath the outer coat and together with the topcoat forms a waterproof covering. COLOUR: The coat of the Bouvier des Flandres is usually gray, brindle or black overlay (char bonne). A completely uniform black is also accepted, but not the preferred. The light colored, so-called washed-out coats are not allowed. A white star on the chest is tolerated. SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height: - males 62 to 68 cm, - Females 59 to 65 cm. Tolerance: 1 cm downwards or upwards. For both sexes the ideal size is the average of these two border sizes, ie 65 cm by 62 cm for males and females. Weight: - Males about 35 - 40 kg, - Females about 27 - 35 kg. FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, which penalized according to its severity.
5 SERIOUS FAULTS: • Anxious dog. • Molossoïde appearance, too heavy dog. • Body obviously too long (slight tolerance for females), too light. • Head to massive, marked stop, marked frontal furrow, strong come- zygomatic arches. • Domed skull, narrow skull, very prominent occipital, clearly lack of parallelism skull / muzzle. • Too long snout, pinched nose. • Lip Loose, thick or overhanging. • Cross bite, abnormal occlusion (bite). • Small, unhealthy or poorly set teeth. • Light or convex eyes; atypical look. • curled or folded gift ears. • Cylindrical neck with dewlap. • Strong saddle, very arched. • Clearly erroneous positions, stand very straight, sickle hocks. • Silky coat, lack of undercoat, puffed up coat, gloss or formatted. • Lack of head furnishings. • General depigmentation (nose, lips, eyelids). ELIMINATING FAULTS: • Fearful or dangerously aggressive dog. • Obvious lack of breed type. • Nasal depigmentation or anything other than black. • Pointed muzzle. • Pronounced over-or undershot bite. • Absence of teeth, except 1 P1. • Wall eyes or wild expression. • Entropion, ectropion, pink eyelids. • Coat chocolate, white, washed-out color; any other blonde color, ranging from light to reddish, even black overlay. • Height Outside the limits of the standard. Note: The FCI official French text was approved as eliminating the color error "sel et poivre (pepper and salt) are listed. For obvious reasons, this was in the Dutch version omitted. NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum descended.